Cabinet approves placing new recommendation adopted by
International Labour Organization (ILO) concerning “The Employment and Decent Work for Peace and Resilience (Recommendation No-205) before Parliament.
Key Points: International Labour Organization
- At 106th Session of International Labour Conference of ILO in Geneva in June, 2015,the Recommendation No.-205 was adopted.India also had supported the adoption of Recommendation. Its adoption and placing for information of Parliament does not create any immediate obligation on countries.
- ILO Recommendations are non-binding instrument which seeks to serve as guiding principle for national policy process.
- Recommendation No-205 emphasizes need to ensure respect all human rights and rule of law, including respect for fundamental principles and rights at work.It is applicable to all workers and job seekers and employers in all sectors of economy affected by crisis situations arising from conflicts and disasters . It provides guidance on measures to be taken to generate employment, prevention, recovery,with respect to crisis situations.
- International Labour Organization (ILO)is United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.The main action in the ILO is the setting up of International standards in the form of Conventions, Recommendations and Protocol.
- ILO was established in 1919 as an agency of the League of Nations and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. India is a founder member of the ILO. At present, it has 187 members.
Union cabinet approves the Prime Minister’s Research Fellows (PMRF) scheme with a cost of Rs 1650 crore for a period of seven years starting from 2018-19.The Prime Minister has emphasized the importance of innovation and technology for the progress and development of the nation. This fellowship scheme is key to realizing his vision of development through innovation.
Key Points: Prime Minister’s Research Fellows
- According to the government statement “The best students who have completed or are in the final year of B.Tech or integrated M.Tec from IISC/IITs/NITs/IISERs/IIITs will be offered direct admission in PhD programmes in IITs and IISC”.
- To cover foreign travel expenses for presenting research papers in international conferences and seminars ,each fellow will also get a research grant of Rs 2 lakh for five years also will get a fellowship of Rs 70000 per month for the first two years, Rs 75000 per month for the third year and Rs 80000 per month for the fourth and fifth years.
- The Union Human Resource Development (HRD) ministry will soon start accepting proposals for the fellowships which begin this year.The scheme was announced in the Union budget recently.
- NCC will be the apex decision making body of the fellowship scheme.IIT or IISc will be the Nodal Institute for each discipline.National Coordination Committee (NCC), comprising of 7-8 Directors of IITs/ IISc will decide on the Nodal Institutes for the first two years.The selected students will face interviews for two years and they have to present their work at National Convention which will be held every year.
- Under the fellowship scheme, fellows will have to teach at industrial training institutes (ITIs) once a week.This is yet another move by the government to improve the quality in ITIs across the country.