India on Tuesday test-fired its medium range nuclear capable Surface-to-surface Agni-II ballistic missile Agni-II ballistic missile with a strike range of 2,000 km from Abdul Kalam Island off Odisha coast. At around 8.38 am , The trial of the surface-to-surface missile was conducted from a mobile launcher at the Launch Complex-4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR).T he missile test was conducted as part of user trial by Strategic Forces Command (SFC) with logistics support from Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO).
Surface-to-surface Agni-II ballistic missile was aimed at re-establishing operational effectiveness of weapon system.
Agni-II ballistic missile:
The Agni-II’s navigation and aiming uses an advanced ground based beacon system using a TDOA (Time Delay Of Arrival) technique, similar to a GPS system, that constantly provides missile flight position and velocity updates and has been proven in test flights. Its range of strategic weapons payload and good accuracy make this strategic weapon useful for countervalue as well as first strike role.
Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO):
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is an agency of the Republic of India, charged with the military’s research and development, headquartered in New Delhi
which are engaged in developing defence technologies covering various fields, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, land combat engineering, life sciences, materials, missiles, and naval systems,
- Agni-II, a two-stage missile, equipped with advanced high accuracy navigation system and guided by a unique command and control system was propelled by solid rocket propellant system.
- The 20-mt-long Agni-II ballistic missile has a launch weight of 17 tonne and can carry a payload of 1,000 kg over a distance of 2,000 kms.
- The entire trajectory of the trial was tracked by a battery of sophisticated radars, telemetry observation stations, electro-optic instruments and two naval ships located near the impact point in the down range area of the Bay of Bengal.
- The missile is part of the Agni series of missiles which includes the Agni-I with a 700 km range, Agni-III with a 3,000 km range, Agni-IV and Agni-V both having long range capabilities and was developed by the Advanced Systems Laboratory along with other DRDO laboratories and integrated by the Bharat Dynamics Limited, Hyderabad.
- Surface-to-surface Agni-II ballistic missile can be fired from both rail and road mobile launchers.This Missile is one of the sophisticated weapons that can act as a deterrent against nuclear-armed neighbours, equipped with advanced high accuracy navigation system.
The Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave its ex-post facto approval to the India-Morocco Cooperation National Railways Office (ONCF) to develop cooperation and partnership in the railway sector.
The Cooperation Agreement, which was signed in December last year 2017, will enable technical cooperation in training and staff development; expert missions, exchange of experience and personnel; and mutual technical assistance, including exchanging of experts.
It is a state-owned company that is under the control of the Ministry of Equipment, Transport and Logistics and is responsible for all passenger and freight traffic on the national railway network. The company is also responsible for building and maintaining the rail infrastructure. India-Morocco Cooperation – ONCF performs several operations which includes: Exploit all the businesses related to railway services locally and nationally,Study, build and maintain the train lines in the network, Exploit the rail infrastructure.
- The Union Cabinet has approved Cooperation Agreement between India and Moroccan National Railways Office (ONCF) to develop long-term cooperation and partnership in different areas of railway sector.
- India–Morocco relations refers to the bilateral ties between Morocco and India. Morocco has an embassy in New Delhi.Both nations are part of the Non-Aligned Movement.
- The Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India states that “India and Morocco have enjoyed cordial and friendly relations and over the years bilateral relations have witnessed significant depth and growth.”
- The cooperation is achieved through exchange of information on developments in areas of railways technology and operations, technical visits, knowledge sharing, training & seminars and workshops in areas of mutual interest.
- The Ministry of Railways has over the years signed MoUs for technical cooperation in the rail sector with various foreign governments and their railways.The identified areas of cooperation include high-speed corridors, speed raising of existing routes, development of world class stations, heavy haul operations and modernisation of rail infrastructure and other areas.