The Union Cabinet approved the setting up of Mahanadi Water Disputes Tribunal to settle a row between Odisha and Chhattisgarh on sharing the waters of the river Mahanadi. The decision by the Cabinet comes following the Supreme Court directive to the Centre last month to form the tribunal within a month to resolve the long-standing dispute.
The tribunal will determine water sharing on the basis of the overall availability in the Mahanadi basin, contribution of each state, utilization of water resources in each state, and the potential for future development”.
After approval for the setting up of the tribunal to settle a row between Odisha and Chhattisgarh on sharing the waters of the river Mahanadi .The Mahanadi Water Disputes Tribunal would determine water sharing among basin states on the basis of the overall availability of water in the complete Mahanadi basin, contribution of each state, the present utilisation of water resource in each state and the potential for future development.
The Interstate River Water Disputes Act, 1956 (IRWD Act):
It is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted under Article 262 of Constitution of India on the eve of reorganization of states on linguistic basis to resolve the water disputes that would arise in the use, control and distribution of an interstate river.
Key Points: Mahanadi Water Disputes Tribunal
- The Union Cabinet on Tuesday approved the setting up of a tribunal to resolve the dispute between Odisha and Chhattisgarh on sharing Mahanadi river water.The tribunal would determine the present utilisation of water resource in each state and the potential for future development.
- The tribunal would also determine water sharing among basin states on the basis of the overall availability of water in the complete Mahanadi basin.he tribunal is required to submit its report and decision within a period of three years, which can be extended for a period not exceeding two years due to “unavoidable reasons” as per the Inter State River Water Disputes (ISRWD) Act, 1956.
- The root cause of the water-sharing dispute is the construction of a reservoir on the Mahanadi by BJP-ruled Chhattisgarh despite objections raised by Odisha, the lower-riparian state.
- As per legal provisions, the tribunal will comprise a chairman and two other members (Supreme Court or high court judges) nominated by the Chief Justice of India and also two assessors with experience in handling sensitive water-related issues will be appointed to advise the tribunal during the proceedings.
- The order on constituting a new tribunal comes even as the government plans to introduce a new bill that would have a single tribunal to replace all existing water tribunals.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday announced a defence industrial corridor in the Bundelkhand region to bring development in one of the most backward regions of Uttar Pradesh. In the Union Budget, the Centre had proposed the development of two “defence industrial production corridors”, along which public and private sector companies would set up establishments for the production of defence equipment.
The Prime Minister said that the state would also get two new expressways in Poorvanchal and Bundelkhand to boost industrialisation. Prime Minister Narendra Modi praised the Uttar Pradesh government for curbing red tape and rolling out red carpet for investors and taking decisions that have linked industrial development with employment generation.
An Industrial corridor:
With the intent to stimulate industrial development ,An industrial corridor is a package of infrastructure spending allocated to a specific geographical area.
An industrial corridor aims to create an area with a cluster of manufacturing or other industry. Such corridors are often created in areas that have preexisting infrastructure, such as ports, highways and railroads.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi emphasized specifically on “fear and insecurity” and announced the setting up of a defence industrial corridor in the Bundelkhand region with the capacity to attract investment worth Rs 20,000 crore and provide jobs to 2.5 lakh people.
- In the Union Budget, the Centre had proposed the development of two “defence industrial production corridors”, along which public and private sector companies would set up establishments for the production of defence equipment.
- Terming holding of investor’s summit in Uttar Pradesh and congregation of industrialists from all over as a sign of a big change, the prime minister said the Yogi government has overcome the previous negativity and shown a ray of hope to people with positive changes.