Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018 in Parliament has been approved by Cabinet for better protection and promotion of human rights in the country. The Bill will amend Protection of Human Rights, 1993 which was last amended in 2006.
Significance of Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, (2018 )
- Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018 is amended for better protection and promotion of human rights in the country and also to safeguard human rights.
- The proposed amended Act will strengthen human rights institutions for effective discharge of their mandates, roles and responsibilities.
- The amended Act will be in perfect sync with the agreed global standards and benchmarks towards ensuring the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual in the country.
Salient Features of Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, (2018)
The Salient features of the Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, (2018)includes:
- Enlarging the scope of eligibility and scope of selection of chairperson, NHRC as well as State Human Rights Commissions (SHRCs) and also making the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights as deemed member of the National Human Rights Commission, adding a woman member in their composition of the commission.
- In order to effectively protect and promote human rights, the amendment to the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 will make NHRC and state human rights commissions more compliant with the Paris Principle concerning its autonomy, independence, pluralism and wide-ranging functions.
- This Act also proposes to incorporate a mechanism to consider the cases of human rights violation in Union Territories and also to amend the term of office of chairperson and members of the NHRC and SHRCs in order to make them in consonance with the terms of chairperson and members of other commissions.
Background of HUMAN RIGHTS
- Human rights day is observed every year on 10 December.
- Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination.
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 by General Assembly resolution 217 A.
- Human Rights and the UN System
Human rights is a cross-cutting theme in all UN policies and programmes in the key areas of peace and security, development, humanitarian assistance, and economic and social affairs. As a result, virtually every UN body and specialized agency is involved to some degree in the protection of human rights. Some examples are the right to development, which is at the core of the Sustainable Development Goals.