Tiger

Only 13% of over hundred tiger conservation areas meet global standards: Survey

According to recent survey, only 13% of tiger conservation areas that are part of Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) Partnership meet global standards. The survey was conducted over hundred tiger conservation areas by 11 leading conservation organisations and countries with tiger ranges that are part of CA|TS Partnership.

A survey of over a hundred tiger conservation areas by 11 leading conservation organisations and countries with tiger ranges that are part of the Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) Collaboration has found that only 13 per cent of tiger conservation areas meet global standards.

Key Facts

The surveyed area is home to approximately 70 % of the world’s wild tigers. At least one-third of these areas are seriously at risk of dropping their tigers and most of these sites are in southeast Asia, the study stated.

While basic needs such as encroachment against poaching, interesting local communities and managing conflict between people and wildlife remained weakened for all surveyed areas, two-thirds of the surveyed area reported fair to strong management.

Only 13 per cent of the tiger conservation areas met the global standards of an accreditation system, the Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS), a new survey of current management methodologies at 112 sites situated in 11 tiger-range countries, including India, said.

  • Why we need Survey for Tiger Conservation?

The survey is the first and largest rapid assessment of site-based tiger conservation across Asia and has been driven by 11 conservation organisations and tiger-range governments that are area of the CA|TS coalition.

Under the accreditation system of CA|TS, tiger conservation areas provide evidence under seven pillars and 17 elements of critical management activity to demonstrate that they meet a range of requirements for effective conservation management.

“To date, three sites — Lansdowne Forest Division in Uttarakhand, India, Chitwan National Park in Nepal and Sikhote-Alin Nature Reserve in Russia — have been awarded CA” a statement said.

  • Understanding CA|TS Partnership

The CA|TS was developed in response to the need for stringent conservation procedures for protection of the best cat through a partnership between governments and conservation organisations to assess the levels of effective management, among others.

“Half of the assessed sites (52.5 %) report fairly strong management, although there are improvements needed. The remaining 35 per cent (the majority of which are in Southeast Asia) have relatively vulnerable management.

“Basic needs such as enforcement of laws against poaching, engaging local areas and managing conflicts between people and wildlife, remain weak for all areas surveyed,” it said.

Positive findings highlight the fact that tiger monitoring is being implemented in 87 % of the sites and all sites surveyed in South Asian and East Asian countries like Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Nepal and Russia have management plans.

“Despite poaching being one of the biggest risks faced by big pet cats, 85 % of the areas surveyed don’t have personnel capacity to patrol the sites effectively and 61 per cent of the areas in Southeast Asia have a very limited anti-poaching enforcement,” it said.

It said low investment from governments in Southeast Asia was one of the reasons for the lack of management of the supposedly “protected areas”.

“The accreditation of Lansdowne Forest Department, Uttarakhand, in May 2017, TS accredited site and the first in India globally, is significant since it is a crucial link between the Rajaji and Corbett tiger reserves,” said Ravi Singh, secretary general and CEO of WWF-India.

Tiger Conservation: A Great Eco Need

 Tiger Conservation

The tiger is an unique animal which plays a pivotal role in the health and diversity of the ecosystem. It is a top predator which is at the apex of the food chain and continues the population of wild ungulates in check, thereby maintaining the balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed.

Therefore, the presence of tigers in the forest can be an indicator of the well being of the ecosystem. The extinction of this top predator can be an indicator that its ecosystem is not sufficiently secured, and neither would it exist for long thereafter.

Constitutional Provisions

48A. Security and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and crazy life.-The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country.
51A. Fundamental duties– It shall be the duty of every citizen of India- to safeguard and enhance the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and outrageous life, and also to have compassion for living creatures

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